The removals happened on the same day that the school dedicated its Center for Global Diversity and Inclusion in the name of the first African-American woman to integrate the school. The windows were reinstalled at the home in 1990 after spending 25 years in storage at the Georgia Archives. This lesser-known memorial is near the park's visitors center and commemorates Georgia's Confederate soldiers. On June 12, a DeKalb judge ordered the statue removed, saying that it had "become an increasingly frequent target of graffiti and vandalism, a figurative lightning rod for friction among citizens, and a potential catastrophe that could happen at any time if individuals attempt to forcibly remove or destroy it." Instead, the city erected a contextual marker next to it in 2019. (PETE CORSON / pcorson@ajc.com), The Georgia Confederate Soldiers monument stands near the Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park visitors center. The stone marker for Captain Evan Howell’s battery, owned by the United Daughters of the Confederacy. ATHENS: A Confederate memorial on Broad Street was the target of protests in May and June 2020. Historians generally agree that he was also the unofficial leader of Georgia's Ku Klux Klan. At the Capitol, protesters chanting "Tear down Gordon" faced off with guards over the equestrian statue of John Brown Gordon. Nor does it include figures connected with the origins of the Civil War or white supremacy, but not with the Confederacy. Renamed Trestletree Court on October 3, 2018. This flag in downtown Kennesaw flies at the corner of Main and Cherokee streets, next to the Southern Museum of Civil War & Locomotive History. Jefferson, our third president and author of the Declaration of Independence, owned more than 600 slaves. The former DeKalb courthouse burned to the ground in 1916 and was replaced by the current building. (And for more information about Confederate and segregation-era politicians honored at the Capitol, click here. With these racist markers in place, there … Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials is an ongoing process in the United States since the 1960s. Nowhere in America was there the systematic, bloody, and brutal murder of millions of people. (JOHN SPINK / jspink@ajc.com), The Dekalb Confederate monument was built in 1908 on what is today’s Decatur Square. On June 22, 44 descendants of Gordon requested that Gov. The plan calls on placing the two monuments — one a 141-year old statue of an anonymous Confederate soldier statue on Cotton Avenue and the other a “Women of the South” obelisk on Poplar Street — to Whittle Park outside of Rose Cemetery. An Atlanta committee, formed in the aftermath of Charlottesville, previously called for the city to remove at least two Confederate monuments and … Rhodes Hall hasn't been a public space since the Georgia Trust took possession of it in 1983, but it spent decades as a state building — the home of the Georgia Archives from 1930-65. (Phil Skinner / AJC file), The Stone Mountain Memorial Lawn is surrounded by 13 terraces commemorating the states of the Confederacy. Very little", "Historic streetlamp moving from Underground to Buckhead", "Glynn County Confederate Monument, Brunswick, GA", "Photograph of statue of a Confederate soldier, Gordon County, Georgia, 1930", "Confederate Monument, Cochran, Bleckley County, GA", "Where are Central Georgia's Confederate monuments located? • Statue of John Brown Gordon, Georgia State Capitol grounds (1907). Americans have removed many dozens of Confederate monuments across this country. By Alisha Ebrahimji, Artemis Moshtaghian and Lauren M. Johnson, CNN. It was covered with spray paint during the nights of vandalism in May and June 2020. ROME: The fate of a statue of Nathan Bedford Forrest in the Myrtle Hill Cemetery was debated in public meetings in June 2020, with dueling petitions asking for the statue's removal/preservation. State and local governments then began acting to remove even more Confederate statues from public places. The statue has been the focus of recent protests, such as the one on June 6, when about 100 protesters faced off with guards and shouted "Tear down Gordon." Several years ago, the cemetery removed a Confederate battle flag near the statue after discussing the matter with the Sons of Confederate Veterans. The marker is currently in possession of the UDC and it is unclear whether it will return. The city of Atlanta is adding plaques to several Civil War monuments to contextualize the statues in light of increased opposition to Confederate memorabilia. For some, Confederate statues symbolize heritage. In 2017, vandals cut the flag down on two occasions and a petition circulated to remove it entirely. 14. (Chris Hunt/ Special to the AJC), The carving on Stone Mountain is the world’s largest bas-relief sculpture and the world’s largest Confederate monument. Half the localities that considered removing the statues decided to keep them. (A similar marker sits on East Lake Road at Ponce de Leon Avenue.) Here are the most visible places in metro Atlanta that commemorate the Confederacy and its leaders. More statues were targeted following protests over the police killing of George Floyd, a black man in Minneapolis, on May 25, 2020. Stone Mountain was the location of an annual Labor Day cross-burning ceremony for the next 50 years. Tyler Home – Ladies Aid Society Memorial, Veteran's Parkway, 1936. No Confederate statues were removed in South Carolina. (KENT D. JOHNSON / kdjohnson@ajc.com). See, List of Confederate monuments and memorials, Supreme Court's recent decision on gay marriage, Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial Carving, Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park, Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park, Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials#Georgia, "Whose heritage? In June 2020, the words "No Peace" were spray-painted on the monument. [3], The current (2019) Georgia flag is based on the first national flag of the Confederacy, which was nicknamed the "Stars and Bars". Although Westview has not experienced the level of vandalism that Oakland Cemetery has seen in recent weeks, another part of Westview — the grave of Henry Grady — was covered with graffiti. Streets running north–south on the west side of the city were named after Confederate ships and generals, whereas the ones on the east side were named after Union ships and generals. The Confederate flag is dedicated to William Fuller, the Confederate train conductor who led the effort to recover the stolen General during the Great Locomotive Chase. This stone marker, erected in 1919 by the United Daughters of the Confederacy, sat near the sidewalk on Peachtree Road in front of Piedmont Hospital. Underground Atlanta is now closed to the public as it undergoes an extensive redevelopment. In Atlanta, the city created an advisory committee to determine what to do with four monuments on city property. Stone Mountain Park was the site of two Confederate flag rallies in 2015 and 2016, the second of which billed itself as a "white power" rally and turned violent. "General" (1901), monument erected at the location where Confederate locomotive. In 2017, the Atlanta committee report concluded that it represented "Lost Cause mythology" and recommended its removal. The Atlanta Historical Society — precursor to today's Atlanta History Center — erected it to recognize the "American Valor" of fighters on both sides of the Battle of Peachtree Creek, fought on July 20, 1864. There are more than 700 Confederate statues and monuments across the United States— most of them in the South. Organizers are calling for daily demonstrations at the statue until action is taken. PEACHTREE BATTLE AVENUE MONUMENT (Peachtree Battle Avenue). It was constructed in 1895 by the Atlanta Ladies Memorial Association and is on a Smithsonian list of significant funerary art. Dedicated by, Cleburne Avenue and Cleburne Terrace, named for Confederate major general, Confederate Avenue and East Confederate Avenue. It was erected in 1873 by the the Atlanta Ladies Memorial Association. For the final tally, the researchers excluded nearly 2,600 markers, battlefields, museums, cemeteries and other places or symbols that are largely historical in nature. Eight Union raiders were later executed in Atlanta for the raid. One plan involved removing the statue to a site a few miles away near a Civil War battlefield. In July, the Lawrence mayor and city council also asked county leaders to remove the monument, as did the county’s Historical Restoration and Preservation Board one week later. The memorial was built and dedicated in 2009 by the Marietta Confederate Cemetery Foundation and the Friends of Brown Park. The judge sidestepped the state law by asserting a power to address public nuisances that are "manifestly injurious to the public health or safety.". U.D.C. In 2020, U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi called on 15 statues of Confederates to be removed from the U.S. Capitol — including this statue. Georgia has a statute making it difficult to remove Confederate monuments because it is unlawful to damage, relocate or remove any memorials honoring any military personnel of the state or USA or the Confederate States of America. Although the Sons of Confederate Veterans Georgia Division said that it would file a temporary restraining order to block the removal, no such order had been filed by June 18. When Georgia purchased the site, "it was designated as a memorial to the Confederacy". Brown was Georgia's governor while it was a Confederate state. Piedmont Hospital removed the monument and another smaller one on its grounds (see below) in advance of the construction of the 16-floor Piedmont Atlanta Tower. JEFFERSON DAVIS HIGHWAY MARKER (REMOVED from Agnes Scott College). The Atlanta committee concluded that the bust was not a Confederate monument and recommended leaving it in place. MACON: Macon-Bibb commissioners voted to relocate two Confederate monuments in downtown Macon in July 2020 as part of a downtown revitalization project. For a city that saw so much Civil War fighting, the city of Atlanta has remarkably few large displays memorializing the Confederacy. It is unclear if the donor will ever want it to return to the grounds. THE LITTLE CANNON (Marietta Confederate Cemetery), The carving by this cannon tells the story: 'This little cannon served at the Georgia Military Institute from 1852 to 1864, then went into the Confederate Army, was captured on Sherman's March to the Sea, 1864-1865, was held as a trophy of war until 1910, when it was returned by the United States government to the Confederate Cemetery at Marietta Georgia. [7], Stone Mountain is owned by the state of Georgia. About half a mile away at Monument and McPherson Avenues, a similar monument marks the spot where Union General John B. McPherson was killed by Confederate forces the same day. The monument was erected in 1908 by the United Daughters of the Confederacy. The college removed this marker at the same time that it removed the nearby Jefferson Davis Highway marker (see above). Atlanta’s monuments to its Confederate past cannot be taken down by law. His artistic legacy is so large that Lanier County and Lake Lanier are named after him. The marker, paid for by the Agnes Lee chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, was removed earlier this year. A wave of opposition to them grew in 2015, after white supremacist Dylann Roof killed nine African Americans at a historically Black church in Charleston, S.C. From 2015 to 2019, 114 Confederate symbols were removed across the United States, according to the Southern Poverty … BATTLE OF PEACHTREE CREEK MONUMENT (REMOVED PERMANENTLY from Piedmont Hospital grounds), This large marble monument was erected in 1944 during construction of Piedmont Hospital (a private, not public, space). (Pete Corson / pcorson@ajc.com). Another sculpture of Stephens can be found in the National Statuary Hall Collection in Washington, D.C. — one of two statues contributed by Georgia. That 2017 effort produced several new contextual markers and the renaming of Confederate Avenue to United Avenue in 2018. Earlier this month, Virginia Gov Ralph Northam on Thursday ordered the removal of a statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee in Richmond. The monument was built in 1911 by former members of the Gate City Guard—a Confederate-era city militia—that was on a peace mission to unite the North and South in the decades after the Civil War. In 2020, it was taken down, along with the U.S. and Georgia flags, in order to prevent vandalism. Here's the list", "Atlanta mayor signs bill changing Confederate street names", "These Atlanta neighbors no longer wanted to live on Confederate Avenue. Other Georgia Confederate monuments in the news: SAVANNAH: A statue in Forsyth Park honoring Lafayette McLaws was vandalized in June 2020. in recent weeks, two monuments have been removed by local officials — in Decatur and Kennesaw — despite the state law. Some of the memorials to the Confederacy found in metro Atlanta’s public (and some private) spaces, Historical Restoration and Preservation Board, city officials would like to remove the memorial. ), LION OF THE CONFEDERACY (Oakland Cemetery). ', WILLIAM FULLER MEMORIAL CONFEDERATE FLAG (Kennesaw). In the 1970s, construction of the Marta line further changed the surrounding landscape and in doing so, created the Decatur Square that we know today. Many municipalities in the United States have removed monuments and memorials on public property dedicated to the Confederate States of America (CSA), and some, such as Silent Sam in North Carolina, have been torn down by protestors. The statue had been on loan from a private citizen, who feared that it might be damaged, and asked that it be removed. The monument, which one commissioner said was constructed in 1910 by the United Daughters of the Confederacy, included a statue of Col. Charles T. Zachry, a Confederate soldier and Henry resident. About 60 Confederate monuments have come down across the U.S. amid a national reckoning on race — but nearly half as many localities that considered removing their statues have decided to keep them. This weathered stone marker lay near the Agnes Scott entrance until 2018. Since the 2015 mass shooting at Mother Emanuel church in Charleston, South Carolina, 114 Confederate symbols have been taken down. Confederate monument", "Courthouse & Confederate Monument, Vienna", "Washington, Georgia Historic Sites & Points of Interest", "Jefferson Davis Highway Marker-Wrightsville, Georgia", "Captives of Memory. More than 30 cities across the United States have removed or relocated Confederate statues and monuments amid an intense nationwide debate about race and history. There are 1,747 Confederate monuments or symbols that still stand around the US, according to the SPLC. Many other Confederate monuments were erected during this period, helping consolidate Jim Crow's racist hierarchy. The carving on its front says, 'We sleep here in obedience to law / When duty called, we came / When country called we died. on October 3, 2018. (Chris Hunt / Special to the AJC), This bust of Alexander Hamilton Stephens is in the Georgia Capitol. The Atlanta … This could not be further from the truth. (CURTIS COMPTON / ccompton@ajc.com), The Confederate Obelisk at Oakland Cemetery was erected in 1873. [12], Nathan Bedford Forrest Monument, Myrtle Hill Cemetery, Rome, Confederate monuments and memorials in Georgia, Monuments and memorials of the Confederate States of America in Georgia (U.S. state), "In an effort to assist the efforts of local communities to re-examine these symbols, the SPLC launched a study to catalog them. Work began in 1923, was scrapped and restarted in 1925, abandoned in 1928, restarted in 1964 and completed in 1972. This granite mansion in Midtown has a series of stained glass windows that show the history of the Confederacy, including key battles and portraits of generals and statesmen. The 90-feet-by-190-feet carving of Robert E. Lee, Thomas 'Stonewall' Jackson, and Jefferson Davis is the largest Confederate monument in the world, as well as the largest bas-relief sculpture in the world. Other Confederate monuments in metro Atlanta: STONE MOUNTAIN CARVING (Stone Mountain Park). Funerary monuments in Oakland Cemetery were vandalized overnight. [note 1]. Earlier that year, protesters defaced the monument with paint in two separate incidents and tried to topple it. Confederate memorials honor those who fought for the Confederacy during the Civil War (1861-65), and are located across the state, in both large cities and small communities. This statue was erected by the Piedmont Park Association in 1914. The monument looked increasingly out of place as Decatur became one of the more liberal and diverse parts of the state. It was dedicated on Jan. 19, 1922 by the United Daughters of the Confederacy in honor of Robert E. Lee’s birthday. In 2016, the hospital offered the UDC a chance to temporarily remove the marker before the construction of the hospital's new 16-floor tower (see above). Nearby Mozley Park, where Ezra Church stood, contains more historical markers commemorating the battle. Town squares, courthouses and such are not the place. The Confederate States of America, also known as the Confederacy, was a group of 11 Southern states that seceded from the Union in 1860. The following monuments are on private, not public grounds: ETERNAL FLAME OF THE CONFEDERACY (REMOVED from Underground Atlanta), This gas lamp was one of 50 original Atlanta Gas Light Co. lamps first lit on Christmas Day, 1855. The creation of the viaduct and Underground Atlanta muddle the history of the lamp's location a bit — at one point it stood above ground. Descendants of Stephens also called for its removal in 2017. Public Symbols of the Confederacy", "The Georgia law that protects Stone Mountain, other Confederate monuments", "Whose Heritage? Stephens famously stated in his Cornerstone Speech that slavery was the “natural and normal condition” of black people. That also means that this memorial was not part of Atlanta’s advisory committee report, which only applied to city-owned property. The Marietta Confederate Cemetery holds 3,000 Confederate soldiers, grouped by home state. The State Capitol grounds pay tribute to several Confederate-era political figures, including this imposing John Brown Gordon equestrian statue. For instance, during Stacey Abrams' 2017 run for governor, she suggested sand-blasting it. In its published report, the Atlanta committee concluded that the Walker memorial was "a battlefield marker and does not serve a purpose of glorification." Two weeks later, the Gwinnett County solicitor called the monument a “public nuisance” and filed an official request to remove it from the Lawrenceville city square. In 2018, the park rejected a request to hold a "White power" rally, citing safety concerns. The Jefferson Davis Highway eventually stretched all the way to the border with Canada in the Northwest. In 2017, DeKalb commissioners voted to remove the statue but couldn't find anyone to take it off their hands. BATTLE OF ATLANTA MARKER (REMOVED from Agnes Scott College). (The photo on the left, from 1957, also shows where the shell blast damaged the front bottom of the lamppost. An equestrian statue of John Brown Gordon on the Capitol grounds stands watch over the downtown Atlanta skyline. of Transportation explains, 'In that era, it was common for private organizations to identify a route, give it a name, and promote its use and improvement.' (ALYSSA POINTER / ALYSSA.POINTER@AJC.COM), The Old Guard of the Gate City Guard erected this monument at Peachtree Battle Avenue near Peachtree Road. His filing suggests the statue be moved to the Gwinnett Environmental and Heritage Center. UPDATED Jan. 19, 2021: In the wake of summer protests against racism, monuments to the Confederacy around the country are coming down, sometimes by local governments and other times by the protesters themselves. Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the U.S. Confederate States presidential election of 1861, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Confederate_monuments_and_memorials_in_Georgia&oldid=994452606, American Civil War military monuments and memorials, Confederate States of America monuments and memorials in Georgia, Lists of monuments and memorials in the United States, United Daughters of the Confederacy monuments and memorials, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles containing potentially dated statements from June 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with disputed statements from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Stone Mountain Memorial Lawn "contains...thirteen terraces — one for each Confederate state.... Each terrace flies the flag that the state flew as member of the Confederacy. (Not every resident believes that the streets were named after the notorious general.) Lion of the Confederacy, also known as the Lion of Atlanta, Peachtree Battle Avenue Monument (1935), a stone-engraved memorial commemorating the, Eternal Flame of the Confederacy Monument (1939), a pre-Civil War. The Thomas Jefferson statue faced Ponce de Leon Avenue in downtown Decatur. The obelisk continued to attract vandalism and large protests. The words etched on it describe the events in Decatur during the Battle of Atlanta. Hill was a Confederate senator and was later elected to the U.S. House and Senate. Confederate statues are coming down following George Floyd's death. Confederate participation trophies should be in cemeteries and museums. A descendant of McLaws offered to buy back the statue from the city in order to preserve it. (Keith Hadley / AJC file), The 30-foot obelisk Confederate moment, which has stood for 112 years, was taken down in the downtown Decatur square on the night of June 18, 2020. In his youth, Lanier was a Confederate soldier who was captured by Union forces. (CHARLOTTE B. TEAGLE / AJC file), WESTVIEW CEMETERY MEMORIAL: The cemetery sits where the Battle of Ezra Church was fought during the Campaign for Atlanta. Up the road, the Sandy Springs city council wants to change the names of two roads that possibly honor Confederate Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest. Virginia is home to 110 Confederate … There are 1,747 Confederate monuments or symbols that still stand around the US, according to the SPLC . STONE MOUNTAIN MEMORIAL LAWN (Stone Mountain Park). Gordon was a three-star Confederate general and served as governor and U.S. senator. In 2017, the City Council donated the lamppost to the Atlanta History Center, where it is now a part of its "Emerging Civil War" exhibit. DEKALB CONFEDERATE MONUMENT (REMOVED — DeKalb County Courthouse/Decatur Square). It would counter a similar proposal that had been made the year before for an Abraham Lincoln Highway. This argument alone will anger many. Never going to get them all but the reactions and comments from many in the pro-Confederate participation trophy brigade since various ones have been taken down in several states more than makes the point to have them moved The Sons of Confederate Veterans Georgia Division has threatened to take legal action against the council's decision. The carving was first conceived by a founding member of the United Daughters of the Confederacy in 1916. In 2019, Georgia passed a law that prohibits anyone, including local officials, from removing, defacing or changing Confederate monuments. More importantly, those statues honor people who fought for a nation founded … Walker is memorialized in the spot where he was shot dead by a Union sniper, at today's intersection of Wilkinson Drive and Glenwood Avenue. ), According to Atlanta Time Machine, the lamp was displayed in City Hall from 1864-1880 as a war memento and wound up being returned in 1919 to its street corner. The Contested Legacy of Race at Andersonville National Historic Site", "The Wirz Monument – Andersonville National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service)", "Atlanta protesters deface Peace Monument in Piedmont Park", "What became of the report on Atlanta's Confederate symbols? CAPTAIN EVAN HOWELL'S BATTERY MONUMENT (REMOVED from Piedmont Hospital grounds). Part of the commemoration of the American Civil War, these symbols include monuments and statues, flags, holidays and other observances, and the names of schools, roads, parks, bridges, counties, cities, lakes, dams, military bases, and other public works. The committee recommended adding context to both the Walker and McPherson memorials. This memorial was erected by the Confederate Veterans Association of Fulton County in the Confederate section of the cemetery. First thing to know — this cemetery, founded in 1884, is private, and still has more than 200 burials a year. This obelisk was erected by the Kennesaw Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy. 106. McDONOUGH: Henry County began dismantling a Confederate statue on the McDonough Square on the night of July 28, 2020. It stood on the northeast corner of Alabama and Whitehall (now Peachtree) Streets, right next to where Solomon Luckie stood when he was struck by a shell during the Siege of Atlanta in 1864. Although highly visible in the heart of Atlanta, they are state property and not the subject of the Atlanta committee's report. The Battle of Peachtree Creek monument was disassembled and is being stored during construction by Piedmont Healthcare. During the 1939 'Gone With the Wind' premiere, the Old Guard Battalion of the Gate City Guard lit the lamp and declared it 'The Eternal Flame of the Confederacy.'. In June 2020, the monument was spray painted with “Black Lives Matter” and signs referring to white supremacy were posted next to it. [2], As of 24 June 2020[update], there are at least 201 public spaces with Confederate monuments in Georgia. CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS MONUMENT (Marietta Confederate Cemetery). Marker for Confederate major general, Confederate Gen. W.H.T on Jan. 19, by... Also shows where the Battle of Atlanta, which would also have to approve the change those... 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