The Guru incurred the displeasure of the ruthless younger brother, Aurangzeb, by detaining his army when he pursued Dara Shikoh. This is part of a series from Basics of Sikhi called '12 weeks 12 Gurus.' He maintained the sizable order of standing troops that his grandfather had amassed but consistently sought peaceful relations with the reigning Muslim Mughal dynasty. In this regard he was well served by several masands, who brought … Religious … The next day, when they reached Amritsar, they were surprised to find their helper sitting there on the Guru's seat. Before his death he named his young son Harkrishan as his successor. … Many reputed hakims and physicians tried to cure him but to no avail. The Guru Granth Sahib, a Sikh religious text, promotes a moral teaching that Guru Sahib explains is about living a life of Truth, believe in one God (creator of universe), respect for others, and high moral standards.Followers of the Guru are considered to be members of the Sikh religion, and they are known as Gurmukh – which stands for the “follower of Guru”. His birth name was Jetha, and he was orphaned at age 7; he thereafter grew up with his maternal grandmother in a village. Report a problem. Har Rai had one elder brother Dhir Mal. This resource is designed for UK teachers. The new Guru constructed a Baoli at Goindwal which became an important place of pilgrimage for the Sikhs. The Guru makes stops on his return to Kirat Pur. Guru Har Krishan (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਕ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨ, pronunciation: [ɡʊruː həɾ kɾɪʃən]; 17 July 1656 – 9 April 1664) was the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus.At the age of 5, he became the youngest Guru in Sikhism on 7 October 1661, succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai. Who is the 12th Guru… The Guru managed to avoid confrontation with the Mughals, but was drawn into the intrigue of succession when the Mughal emperor's heirs fought over his throne and the eldest, Dara Shikoh, appealed to Guru Hair Rai for aid. Marriage: June 1640 A.D. or 10th day of the month Har, 1697 SV. The pattern was repeated when Guru Har Rai chose his second son as his successor instead of his eldest son. The Guru demonstrated, that the actions of others ought not to dictate those of a Sikh, and like a sandalwood tree perfumes the ax which cuts it, the Guru returns good for evil. He advised Sikhs to labor honestly and cheat no one. Har Rai was the favorite grandson of Guru Hargobind; in fact it was his grandfather who named him. Oral history suggests that he wed only Sulakhini, the daughter of Daya Rai a Sillikhatri of Arup Shanker. Guru Har Rai was a very compassionate person who was truly dedicated to the tenets of Sikhism. Info. Har Rai fathered two sons and a daughter. Dara Shikoh. Guru Har Rai ji carried on the traditions of his Grandfather Guru Hargobind by walking the sacred path of the warrior-saint. Dhir Mal tried to form another party in opposition to the Sikh tradition, but Guru Hargobind (Har Rai’s grandfather), put a swift stop to the opposition and cut Dhir Mal out of t… Khalsa, Sukhmandir. Familie. In fact, he used to capture sick and injured animals and place them in a zoo that he had founded. https://www.learnreligions.com/guru-har-rai-profile-2993157 (accessed January 22, 2021). Guru Har Rai also travelled a lot in order to spread the message of Sikhism to the masses. "Guru Har Rai (1630 - 1661)." Guru Har Krishan Sahib was born on Sawan Vadi 10, (8 Sawan), Bikrami Samvat 1713, (Wednesday, 23 July 1656) at Kiratpur Sahib. (2020, August 26). He grew up to be a very soft-hearted boy. He contracted smallpox in 1664 and died before reaching his eighth birthday. From there he occasionally emerged onto the plains of the Punjab to visit and preach to the Sikhs. He admonished rulers to govern mercifully without oppression, attend only to their own spouses, abstain from drink, and be always available to their subjects. The guru declined to accept it. Guru Hargobind was much impressed by his grandson’s gentle nature and compassion for all. The couple had two sons—Ram Rai and Harkrishan. Caste, is you know, is an idea that … He was born in Punjab, Mughal Empire (now India). The guru established an Ayurvedic hospital and a research center at Kiratpur Sahib. He suggested that they see to the people needs providing wells, bridges, schools, and religious ministry. Upon assuming the Guru Gaddi, Guru Har Rai continued with the military tradition of maintaining a strong army even though he never indulged in any direct political or armed war with the Mughal Empire. Guru Har Rai founded three missions and stressed the importance of langar, insisting no one should ever be turned away hungry who visited them. Sukhmandir Kaur is a Sikh author, educator, and the president of Dharam Khand Sikh Academy. Guru Har Rai was very compassionate towards animals. His mother Nilhal Kaur, was the wife of Gur Ditta, the eldest son of Damodari and Guru Har Govind. Finally, the emperor, apparently seeking the favour of the Sikhs … He sent his elder son Ram Rai to meet with the Emperor and interpret Adi Granth Sahib correctly if he was required to do so. KS2, Religion, Sikhism. About this resource. Fearing Guru Har Rai's growing influence, Aurangzeb summoned the Guru to his court. View US version. In fact he was so soft hearted that he even helped to heal the son of Shah Jahan from an almost fatal illness despite the hostility the Mughals had shown to the guru’s predecessors. Categories & Ages. He further developed the Manji system founded by the third Sikh Guru Amar Das and established 360 Manji seats. Aurangzeb eventually took over the throne. Ram Rai was asked many questions about Sikh and Muslim religions. The Guru … Guru Har Krishan – taught Sikhs about caring for the suffering through caring for cholera and smallpox victims. The Guru continued to … He also established an Ayurvedic hospital and a research center at Kiratpur Sahib. Guru Har Rai maintained a militia of 2,200 men at arms. Once the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan’s eldest son Dara Shikoh fell seriously ill. He divided his spiritual empire into 22 parts called Manjis. Learn Religions uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Guru Har Rai was the seventh of the ten Sikh Gurus. Guru ji tells us, “Wake up before the sunrise, take your cold shower, meditate on the Naam and think about giving. Several records indicate that Har Rai was married, at about age 10, to the seven daughters of the Sikh Daya Raam of Anupshahr who lived on the banks of the Ganges in Balundshahr District of Uttar Pradesh. Guru Har Gobind (1595 to 1644) Full Name : Har Gobind Personal Details: Birth : Monday, 19 June 1595, Guru ki Vadali in Dist. Even though the relations between the Mughals and the Sikhs had been strained during the times of his predecessors, Guru Har Rai agreed immediately to help heal one of the sons of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan when Shah Jahan made a desperate plea for help. Sri Guru Ram Das Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਰਾਮ ਦਾਸ) (Friday 9 October, 1534 - Saturday 16 September, 1581) was the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism.Guru Ji was born in the year of 1534 in the city of Lahore to parents Bhai Hari Das ji and Mata Anup Devi Ji, with the birth name Jetha. Learn Religions. A5 worksheets. So he named him his successor before leaving for his heavenly abode on March 3, 1644. Consequently, Guru Har Rai passed over Ram Rai and appointed his youngest son Har Krishan to succeed him as guru. Even though he died at the young age of 31, he made many significant contributions to the religion of Sikhism within his short life. The guru used the cavalry only for self-defense. All indicate the same date. They said to him with clasped hands, “We are thy servants, Lord. His Teaching and Philosophy: Sikh Way of Life The life of Guru Amardas is an example of how an ideal man lives in this world. Guru Har Rai was married to Mata Kishan Kaur (also referred to as Sulakhni) the daughter of Daya Ram. Baba Gurdita was son of the sixth Guru Hargobind. He became so distressed at the sight of the flowers separated from the plants that he started crying. The Mughal emperor Jahāngīr viewed the buildup of Sikh power as a threat and had Guru Hargobind jailed in the fortress of Gwalior. In keeping up with the military tradition Guru Hargobind had started, he continued to maintain a strong Sikh army though he chose never to indulge in direct warfare with the Mughals. Har Rai war der Sohn von Baba Gurdita und der Mata Nihal Kaur (auch bekannt als Mata Ananti Ji) und damit väterlicherseits der Enkel des sechsten Guru Har Gobind. He … Guru Har Rai – taught Sikhs the importance of caring for the natural world. He grew herbs, preserving rare species of plants, and established a research center for their use. Updated: Feb 4, 2015. pptx, 5 MB . There the animals would be given due care and released in the wild after they had recovered. Sometimes the Guru even cleaned the shoes of his followers. Spiritual & Religious Leaders See how the Guru teaches us in such simple ways! Some state that Guru Har Rai wed seven sisters who were the daughters of Daya Ram of Anupshar, Bulandshahr district, Uttar Pradesh. May we see you in our minds eye, may we feel you in our hearts heart! Guru Har Raihad an older brother; Dhir Mal. Dara Shikoh. Guru Har Rai would spend the mornings and evenings listening to devotional music and giving lectures on the writings of the Gurus. Har Rai traveled in the Malwa area, where he converted the local Brar tribes to Sikhism. By using Learn Religions, you accept our. Another document states he wed four princesses and their handmaids. Created: May 12, 2014. Historians conclude that the name of Har Krishan's mother was either … Khalsa, Sukhmandir. Guru Har Rai learned the medicinal properties of herbs. The prince was soon cured of the mysterious illness and Shah Jahan offered the guru a jagir as a token of thanks. pptx, 1 MB. Har Krishan (Kishan) the youngest son of Guru Har Rai Sodhi, and had a brother, Ram Rai, nine years his senior, and a sister, Sarup Kaur, four years older. Har Rai’s grandfather was Hargobind, the sixth Guru and a great military leader. See how the Guru teaches us in such simple ways! He tended to injuries of animals which he found wounded and kept them in a zoo where he fed and cared for them. Guru Har Rai sent some rare herbs which were available only in his research center back with the emperor’s messenger. He was the second son of Guru Har Rai Sahib and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). As a youth Har Rai received marital training and became adept with weapons and horses. Meanwhile the Guru counseled Dara Shikoh that only a spiritual kingdom is everlasting. Guru Har Rai (1630 - 1661). 3. Wise and compassionate from a young age, he was Guru Hargobind’s favorite grandchild. Har Rai was born as the grandson of the sixth Sikh guru, Hargobind. Lahore, Sialkot, Pathankot, Samba, and Ramgarh are some of the places he visited. Several people suffering from a variety of maladies flocked to the hospital hoping for a cure. When appealed to for help by his enemy, Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, Guru Har Rai provide a cure for his eldest son, Dara Shikoh, who had been poisoned with tiger whiskers. Guru Har Rai was a very compassionate person who was truly dedicated to the tenets of Sikhism. Known to be a very compassionate and kind person, he was concerned not only about the welfare of human beings, but also that of the animals. He also tried to improve the old corrupt Masand system and appointed pious and committed personalities like Suthre Shah, Sahiba, Sangtia, Mian Sahib, Bhagat Bhagwan, Bahagat Mal and Jit Mal Bhagat … A5 worksheets. Guru Har Rai was a young boy of 14 when he became the leader of the Sikhs. Guru ji showed them the great benefit of Gurbani, "Even if we don't understand it, Gurbani is the seed of our liberation.” What an amazing message from the Guru! 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